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Modernism and crealism



Realism is focused on socio-sphere, economical, social and political relations. The society is stratified in social classes and layers and shaped by their permanent strug­gle for survival and domination. That struggle defines status and behaviors, the form of ideology and morals. The very base of society are production and vital economic interests (production is the fundament of everything, including politics and “science of production” – Saint-Simon). Society has its history (chronology of gradual development), organization, scientific explanation (rationalism, positivi­sm, utilitarianism…), dynamism and logic of changes by evolutionary (Darwinism) or revolutionary (socialism, Marxism) means and steps.

The realists’ man is new zoon politikon (social animal), homo faber, with tran­spa­rent, common nature. Through this magnifying glass realist thoroughly investi­gates eve­rything: social disintegration and breakdown; class confrontations; urban–rural contrast; absence of solidarity and ethics; intellectual retreat and abulia (“super­fluous men”); unscrupulous rise of newcomers and swindlers; trade with life and death (“dead souls”); the fate of “humiliated and insulted”; activism of rebels against social norms (legal, ethical, esthetical…)…

Dominant effects are decay, degeneration, alienation…Naturalism exposes life as “jungle”, men as “beasts”, “puppets” created, motivated and destroy­ed by passi­ons, conditions and laws of human zoology. Dominant tone is dis­content with actual conditions without connotations of returning to the previous state. Generally accepted are progress as “fundamental law of society” (Macaulay) and im­perative of struggle for change. Certainty is based on the conviction that all basic natural and social laws are discovered, including “eternal law of truth and beauty” (Balzac).

For a modernist focus is on psycho-sphere, states of soul, spiritual resources, inter­nal life. While realist relies on sociology, economy, biology… modernist favors psychology, psychoanalysis, phenomenology, quantum mechanics, theory of rela­tivity… He investigates regions and states of conscious, unconscious, arche­typal, primary structures of our mind.

The modernists’ man is homo ambiguous. Everything has the Janus’s face of “dua­lity”, swaying (of reality, arts…). He is tortured by doubt, anxiety, fear, un­cer­tainty, perplexity, melancholy… On one hand, refined, polished, cultivated, poli­te, educated, intelligent, clever and witty… on the other, daring, impudent, explo­sive, shameless, ironic, sarcastic, capricious… all traits of an urban man (homo ur­banus), traits long ago noticed by classics. Sometimes those traits are extremely manifested (futurism, Dadaism, surrealism…).

Modernist’s goal is encounter with himself with an aim to dig up unexplored depths of subjective structure (unknown, unconscious, a dream), to go trough liminal expe­riences (hyp­nosis, hallucination, telepathy, psychic magnetism…), to reach un-real and sur- real, to describe indescribable, to express inexpressible. To do that it is nece­ssary to dramatically sha­ke previous conceptions of reality, sci­ence (only one, probably not the most important instrument of human cognition), to question “ru­ling truths”, to confront with the language, conventions, routine communications, petrified traditi­ons. Subjective realism, psychological naturalism, non-fixed human nature…are ele­ments of new registry of privileged concepts. Posi­tive knowledge is comple­mented or substituted by intuition and para-science (mesmerism, occultism, mysti­cism); observation yields priority to interpretation; recording retreats before ana­lysis, experiment and medium.

Dominant principles are: uncertainty (Heisenberg), relativity (Einstein), ambiguity (Freud). Artists advocate skepticism, (self)irony, parody, destabilization of firm positions (any assertion is incomplete without denial)…We witness transition from dialectic model (thesis–antithesis–synthesis) to ambivalent pattern which is not an old dichotomy or coincidence of opposites, but new, albeit unstable, compound of analysis and synthesis, transformation of everything in its opposite (enanti­o­dromy of C. G. Jung). Within the hot oven of intellectual effort and emotional stress two typically modernist processes develop – Spaltung (splitting, se­paration, breaking…) and Verschmelzung (melting, assimilation, amalgama­tion…). Resting on one of these ends leads to schizophrenia. Both enable artistic integration and su­blimation. Characteristic modernist matrix is affirmation of opposites: to embrace life and to run away from it; cosmos (order) and chaos (disorder); conservation and progress; conventional and innovative; naturalism and ab­stractness; delight and despair; construction and destruction; technophilia and technophobia; radical engagement and isolation

Postmodernism flourishes in the sphere of simulation and manipulation. Mostly interested in sciences of epiphenomena and uncertainty (hyper-relativism, pheno­menology of accidence, pataphysics), it is focused on mediation, on the concept “media is the message” (McLuhan) with decisive influence on both ends of tran­smit­i­on (subject and object). By their “magic” (enabling “implosion” of borders of reality and simulation) media abolish certainty of both the subject (psychological aspect) and the object (ontological and sociological side). What used to be just the “means” and “instrument” became “generator of reality”, of its transformation in hyper-reality, of change of facts in simulacrum, of society in “silent crowd”, of dynamic world in special zone, of class in mass. Everything is fractioned, indifferent, char­med by the kiss of deaths of object and commodity.

For postmodernism the man is homo consumptor, he does not produce but spend (destroys) what is offered. He is the subject turned to object under the in­fluence of mass-media, aggressive marketing, propaganda, display, show, spec­tacle, gigantic political manipulation. But the real hero of postmodernism is homo trico, media magician, master of simulation. His avatars are homo loquax and homo fallax, experts in language games and technical illusions. He is the main “ac­tor” of the world of hyper-reality, in the society relying no more on production of commodity (and values of production), money (and exchange values), but on signs and values of signs – general semiurgy and “symbolic exchange”. In this kingdom of illusion dominates glamour, “nebulous state” leading in “total entropy”. Eve­ry­thing operates on the level different from known (information and disinfor­mation, past and future, factio and fictio…to have and to be, happiness and suf­fering). The mass production is not production for the masses but production of the masses. Dominant moral attitude is indifference.

Under the influence of various thinkers – often mentioned are Bergson, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Bataille, Durkheim, Mauss, Bateson (concept of plateau), less frequen­tly Veblen (conspicuous consumption), Debord (societe du spectacle), Bantam (pan­opticon)… but buried in silence Plato, Kant, Weihinger…– and em­bracing extreme attitude of futility of change, pomo raises its flag: play, game. It is, by its nature, limitless game of signs (language). In this scope, common position is determined inde­termi­nation: the language, itself illusory, becomes the “jail” and the “cage”, worse even than biological, psychological or eco­nomic constraints (Darwinism, Freudism, Marxism); the sign – according to Saussure fully arbitrary – looses the trace of signified and, quite suddenly, installs itself as un­questionable base of com­munication (emptied of the sense of communitycommunion) and organization (society as “plexus of language ga­mes”).

The sphere of crealism is creation. The man is homo creator who creates his ex­ternal and internal world. His basic need and strategy is not production but creative re-production, biological, psychological, social, cultural pro-creation. Homo cre­ator is homo vertator, longing permanently to confirm himself, to continue, se­cure, and enhance his existence. This strive is source of his unlimited curiosity, of all (good and bad) adaptations and actions shaping his natural and social environment, enlargement of material, spiritual and social recourses. The most important successes of this paradoxal being are culture and society, which are interwoven and interdependent. Human socialization is not a mere aggregation (natural “invention” increasing chances for survival). The process and state of hu­man sociality has completely new dimensions and open perspectives. All natural ele­ments of aggregation (integration, communication, hierarchy, specialization, com­­petition and confrontation…) are enormously enhanced and surpassed. The crucial role in this process belongs to culture while the crucial role in cultural development belongs to society. They limit and stimulate each other. They are ge­ne­rically linked: changing one changes the other. Culture consists of ma­ny accomplishments, partially separated “regions” of human creation, vertati­ons. Every vertation has its own domain and dimension, functions and projections, aim and means, dynamism

Still, each vertation is inevitably in native connection with others (all creations of men). This polyphony (“music of human spheres”) is precondition and expression of health of each person and society as a whole. The lack of contacts and convergences among vertations, as well as absence of their divergences and au­tono­my, is clear sign of smaller or geater degree of social deviation. To live in more vertations (worlds, spheres, dimensions, spaces, times, levels…) means to be more cultural, human being. Constant disturbance and reestablishment of harmony is the nature of creative process. Therefore, development is not uniform and linear. Decisive role in this process belongs to creators (individuals) and creative net of society (institu­ti­ons, values, patterns, models, forces…). The choice of crealism is the total crea­tion. In the center of this concept is the creator, with his sacrifices, his boldness and his heretic ideas. He is real fan-attic, fan of Phanes and double of Phaëton, who radically shakes fundaments of personal and social constraints. His unrest and craving for change is inevitably confronted with inertia of preser­vation, dif­ferent barriers, forces and problems, trying to prevent him in his endeavor to cha­nge established order. But new balance, stability, cultural homeostasis could be restored only by creation.

Creation doesn’t separate but integrate people. Crealist does not sacrifice local for global and vice versa, person for the world or world for the person. He favors everything that makes world better. He substitutes irresponsibility and post-hu­manism of postmodernism by new humanism. In this sense, crealist is true homo humanus, equally both homo ludens and homo prudens. His game is not puerilism but the expression of his unbound mind and confirmation of his creative freedom. Being aware of the power of reason, crealist does not renounce the rest of the human abilities and capacities. At the same time, he is not a slave toany ri­gidity or prejudice. He affirms prudentia (responsibility, wisdom, reason, experience, kno­wledge…) as his strategy of enhancing quality of life.

Momir Nikic

23:21 Publié dans philosophie | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : modernism crealism | |  Facebook | |  Imprimer


Realism and crealism



For a realist the world is solid, composed of more or less distinct realia (men, thi­ngs, relations, facts…) exposed to influence of cause-effect mechanisms. Social structure is constructed by “blocks” and “bricks” of social building. Their change is possible only as the substitution. Men are pure instruments of “natural” (unavoidable) processes of development comprehensible to reason and science.

For a modernist the world is liquid, in permanent motion. There are no firm and unchangeable borders of external or internal, of subject or object, of present or fu­ture, of time and space…Causal relations are substituted by accidents; social mi­lieu becomes more complex; monism, compactness and objective logics yield their place to pluralism, fragmentary and subjective measures. Outside world is com­posed of “permanent sensations” (J. S. Mill), of illusions vi­bra­ting lyrically (im­pre­ssionism) or dramatically (expressionism…). It is more problematic and disin­te­grated (split up to Kant’s sensorial phenomena and intellectual noumena), and could be re-integrated in subject itself.

The world of a postmodernist is nebula, gas, vapor, the smoke of something which does not exist anymore. Composed of phantom “facts and values”, it is, actually, a construct, the product of simulation. It is the “twilight zone” in which spaces (heterotopy of Foucault) and positions are completly confused. The reason is driven from the throne; there is no developmental of axiological hierarchy (prio­rities and value scale), consciousness (only in unconsciousness we are ide­ntical to oursel­ves). “The language is a home of Being” (Heidegger), but being illusion it­self it is incapable of expressing the world. Men, object, subject, past, present and future… are imprisoned in vacuum, chaos, dissolution, flux, dialysis…without any solid support, and nothing could be confirmed or disputed. The entire secret of the science of truth is – there is no truth. “The truth” is but a mask for strategies of “might” (in this point Foucault follows Nietzsche and “hegemony” of Gramsci). Perceptions and conclusions are unreliable. It is im­possible to take a neutral position. Every attempt of objective description, use of scientific methods, or any sort of verification is doomed to failure. We live in a pseudo-world transformed to hyper-reality by extremization of simulation and substitution of reality by models and codes. Life is, in its essence, the expression of total apathy, want of emotions, “allegory of death”.

For crealist the world is plasma, creation. He accepts it as men’s work, wha­tever its structure. “In the world” the man embodies his i/reality, i/rationality, i/logic…; his good and evil, sense and nonsense, his love and hatred, affinities and alienations, war and peace, crime and punishment, wisdom and madness… Under­standing all creative powers and weaknesses, advantages and disad­vantages, nece­ssities and freedoms, we show new, critical, actual hu­manism. For everything hap­pening in society nobody could be blamed but us. Ultimately, men are respon­sible for their lives. Striped to the bones, the man’s truth is anthropo­logically very simple: the basic drive and aim (as in all living nature) is survival. This is the main challenge for species and individuals. But man’s answer to that challenge is… Culture. As expression and base of sociality, humanity, culture is man’s cre­ation. On the other hand, culture has transformed the “creature of nature” in its creator. Little has remained of “earthly” or raw nature. Our “minds and hands” (tools) have touched almost everything on the Earth, re-creating or adapting it to our needs, inevitably assuming responsibility. Ob­ject influences subject more if it is more subjective (shaped by our creative resou­rces) and vice versa. Only in cre­ation exists real exteriorization of interiority (objectivization of subject) and inte­rio­rization of exteriority (subjectivization of object). But once created, our subje­ctive/objective world (i.e., culture, society, history…) are not less mysterious or easier to comprehend. On the contrary: the magic of otherness (cre­ations of other persons and generations), complot, complexity and extreme variety of mediate­ons make it more “puzzling” and “charming”. Dangers of deviations, aberrations, destructions and self-destru­ction are omnipresent. They are real provocations of bestiality. Not only action of Shadow but overt howl of the Beast in the man. Con­frontations of our potentials are the biggest source of our dramatic events and behaviors, tragedies, defeats and victories. “Ciphering and deciphering” of the world are not simply coding and decoding, but serious creative processes oriented toward the maintenance of our lives, increase of knowledge and crafts, enrichment of our culture and final change of the actual state we happen to be in. Crealist (albeit conscious of complexity and possible tragic aspects) always gives advantage to life, which is our creative chance. He creates for life and lives for creation. His “deity” is Eros (not post­modern Thanatos), not ordinary natural drive (of Freud, Jung), but meta­phor of permanent search, craving for physical and spiritual reproduction, total pro­cre­ation.

Momir Nikic

08:51 Publié dans philosophie | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : realism crealism | |  Facebook | |  Imprimer


Postmodernism and crealism



Realism perceives reality as objective and external. Man’s life is manifested in his outer environment, social relations and behavior. The artist acts in the world which is “completely separate”, “independent of our will”.

Modernism makes a turn toward subjective, internal reality. Writer does not exist in the world but world in the writer. Both, impression and ex-pression, pass through the sensorial, intellectual filter of each person. This process changes our cognition and comprehension, as well as our evaluation and creation (hence the demand for “re-evaluation of all values”). Reflection is substituted by refraction. In modernism every individual is the assessor and final judge of reality, and shapes it according to his subjective views.

For postmodernism the world is simulacrum which swallowed the subject, object, reality… Precisely said, reality is “the form of collective fiction” (P. Berger, T. Lucman) enabled and imposed by the process of socialization – institutionalization, communication, “games” – in the first place language games (Wittgenstein). Everything (existence, essence, cognition…) is undetermined, marked with total relativity. Since nothing is certain action, change, value system, assertions (including “truth”, “justice” etc.) are biased instruments of “scientistic” ideological and regional (western) domination (epistemological relativism). In the kingdom of simulation, in which the doubt is hopelessly entangled in aporia, artist could only accept “the rules of the game”, become simulator, producer of illusions.

Crealism affirms creality. Both external and internal reality are interwoven by our action. External reality is non-subjective (as materialists take) or mere construct (according to “radical constructivists”). Internal reality is non-objective (cf. idealists), or simple reflex of genetic factors (assumption of neo-positivists in biological sciences). Creality is reality created by us externally and internally, by our permanent interactions with subjects and objects, with aim to create our human world. This is a new world and world of novelty, open to change, limited only by the extent of our creative potentials. Vital core of any modern wisdom is, therefore, very simple but essential fact: we live in the world of creality, reality created by us. This is the crucial ontological, gnoseological and axiological “secret”. Everything else is derived from this basic fact…

Momir Nikic

10:28 Publié dans philosophie | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : posmodernism, crealism | |  Facebook | |  Imprimer


Eco-sphéropraxie créaliste


Ex-traits imaginés à partir d'un texte lisible dans son "entièreté" ici:






Portons-nous à la puissance du modulant créaliste.

Tandis que les individus trépignent, s’agitent, suent corps et âme à la recherche de leur moi, l’époque avance, collective mais sans valeurs capitales autres que ces forces génériques qui absorbent le sujet en mal de compléments. Ou presque.

Le créalisme n’est pas un individualisme. C’est une force commune. Ce n’est même pas seulement un collectif, car il n’est pas que matière. C’est un modulant, entre le générique et le général : il exprime un style, un axe, une direction, une force en devenir. Il s’agit de conquérir des terres en les civilisant, de prendre des territoires aux gestionnaires de la mort-vivance et de rendre ces territoires de nouveau parcourus par des courants en spirale, riches de correspondances, de musique et de magies ascendantes. 

Il est temps de cesser de parquet la poésie comme l’on épingle les papillons et de nous déplacer, aventuriers, dans l’espace-temps du même rêve multiple. Disposés à l'existence plutôt qu'exposés dans des galeries. Mélancoliques individus, lâchons notre quête du moi tout-terrain et surpuissant, méprisant ce qu’il y a de meilleur en nous et qui nous élève. Notre ressentiment compétitif ne sait plus admirer les maîtres et même plus les envier.

L’appauvrissement des conditions collectives de vie, l’asservissement des âmes à la forme individuelle avide, le créalisme le combat sans donner dans l'administration de l'événementiel, en lave volcanique courant sous nos rues froides et nos décors de cinéma. 

Que puis-je faire ? Cesser de lutter en tant qu’individu seulement. Mais toujours en même temps comme force générale de combat contre le rétrécissement et l’appauvrissement de notre forme de vie.

Que m’est-il permis d’espérer ? M’incarner dans un mouvement qui me purifie du cancer de l’envie, de la jalousie, des mesquineries compétitives, de la gestion de carrière, du malentendu amoureux, du destin aveuglé par les impératifs décapitants du temps-argent.

Que dois-je croire ? Qu’une armée se lève. Cessons de monter sur les épaules les uns des autres pour voir un spectacle navrant, cessons de crier à qui mieux mieux sa tue-tête. Le monde est notre création et notre destin. Il est temps que la capacité de gratitude arrose nos sols anthropophages et fertilise nos cerveaux sages comme des images. Il est temps de s'entendre.

Portons-nous par-delà les nationalismes, les tribalismes, les communhautainrismes, les clientélismes, les onanismes, les identifications pulsionnelles, les hygiénismes, les bordélismes, les grippismes, les bonusismes et faisons échec aux audimats sourds.

Sous les pavés, la lave d'une tectonique des actes. Le créalisme est une politique de l’avenir portée séculièrement par la valeur foi. Le créalisme est l’intérêt général porté à la puissance Joie.


08:04 Publié dans Musique, philosophie | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : créalisme, foi, acte | |  Facebook | |  Imprimer


Comment soigner la vie, par Nicolas Zurstrassen









1. Nous nous rappellerons que le mot « soin » vient de cura, vocable qui a donné autant le merveilleux « curiosité » que le sinistre « curé »


2. Nous ne prêcherons pas de Valeurs Morales. Nous construirons toutefois une (esth)éthique fabulatoire


3. Nous détecterons les (non-)forces conservatrices de l’assimilation


4. Le créalisme sera une identité qui ne se conquerra qu’en identifiant l’altérité à l’intérieur d’elle-même


5. Nous nous inventerons au lieu même de nos blessures


6. Nous ne nierons pas, dans l’aventure, nos souffrances, maladies, guérisons et rechutes


7. Nous considérerons l’étranger comme une irritation stimulante


8. Nous redouterons les guérisseurs et les « sauveurs » qui nous empêchent d’être en corps capable de maladie


9. Nous fournirons une nouvelle interprétation de ce qui advient


10. Nous traquerons le relativisme fade et nivelant, tout en fabriquant les forces qui mettent en perspective


11. Nous serons une ligne d’horizon


12. Nous laisser infecter nous sera parfois éminemment nécessaire


13. A même le fleuve monstrueux et inaudible, nous nagerons avec l’excitation-qui-pousse-à-la-vie, souvent à contre-courant


14. Nous serons une fiction régulatrice réelle


15. Nous considérerons les individus dans le mouvement de leur individuation psychique et collective


16. Nous tenterons de saisir le lieu où s’articulent le je pense comme acte et le sentir comme passivité, afin de dépasser leur opposition


17. Nous deviendrons chaque jour plus problématique, plus dignes de questions


18. Nous trouverons un milieu entre le synchronique (être-ensemble) et le diachronique (exceptionnel) : une régulation collective de la puissance


19. Nous ne serons pas contre une certaine violence créatrice de formes






20. Nous garderons toujours quelques mains ouvertes


21. Nous capterons les forces vitales environnantes, pour les envoyer ailleurs


22. Toujours différancié et différanciant, nous serons un lieu unique à habiter


23. Nous donnerons un nouveau sens à la complémentarité du dyonisiaque et de l’apollinien


24. Notre couteau servira à tailler un créel plus puissant, et non point à remuer dans la plaie de l’exception


25. Nous agirons sur les singularités, c’est-à-dire sur la part vivante la plus fragile et innovante (faiblesse de la force)


26. Nous nous opposerons à la sècheresse superstitieuse de la grammaire, tout en revitalisant les formes


27. Si le chaos chaotise, nous repérerons comment (où, par qui, quoi, etc.), pour modeler celui-ci


28. Nous ne nous réduirons jamais à la coïncidence avec nous-mêmes


29. Nous surmonterons la scission entre, d’une part, une unité (tauto)logique vide (A=A) comme identité intemporelle et, d’autre part, une pluralité empirique éclatée et brouillonne


30. Nous ferons attention à l’écueil qui nous ferait devenir une instance anonyme, souveraine et inconditionnée, traversant les corps-langages sans s’individuer elle-même


31. Nous nous pro-jetterons dans un sens multiple


32. Les eros et les numéros ne seront pas forcément antagoniques

33. Nous ne serons pas contre l’ « utilité ». Nous reprendrons le vocabulaire utilitariste pour mieux le réfuter


34. Nous libérerons un continent entier de recherches


35. Nous voudrons que ce que nous arrive soit en excès sur nous-même


36. Nous deviendrons le ressort tendu de possibilités inouïes, refoulées au plus profond du vivant


37. Nous évoluerons (evolvere : se déplier et se déployer/ent-wickeln : dérouler ce qui s’est sur soi-même enroulé)


38. Nous serons un chemin se faisant en marchant, un pont, une grande promesse


39. Nous construirons la Créalie qui, d’une certaine manière, existe déjà…















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Vidéophonie créaliste, par Nicolas Zurstrassen

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Jean Starck propose un logo pour le Créel


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